Groups of respondents

Three population groups were taken as research samples:

A.    The first group includes  the Children, who were divided into two groups:

  1. Separated children who were taken in care within reception centers and shelters and who were therefore considered as children included in the guardianship system under study.
  2. Separated children who were not taken in care by national institutions and were therefore considered excluded from the protection and the guardianship system identified in low threshold contexts.

B. The second group includes those persons who are “responsible for” and/or “actively engaged with” children:

  1. Guardians. Guardians are the principal components of the guardianship systems under investigation.
  2. Social workers. They work very closely with separated children and definitely represent a crucial source of information.

C. The third group included institutional and non-institutional actors involved at various level in the interaction with children:

  1. Institutional/governmental actors concerned with the institutional aspects of guardianship. They provide specific information with a national scope.
  2. NGOs and/or other organizations. These, from a non-institutional perspective, devote their work to the welfare and to the protection of the child and represent an unavoidable source of information as well as a way to evaluate institutional performances.




After the first findings, the sample size was slightly expanded from the initial project hypothesis in order to  strengthen the representativeness of the data and enrich the information  gathered.

Different interview schedules were used for each sample group together with specific tools and procedures to obtain the informed consents from the various respondents and to facilitate the relation with them, especially with children.

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